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自考學位英語倒裝知識點

[日期:2015-04-21]   來源: www.botaohg.cn  鄭州大學自考  作者:鄭州大學自考網   閱讀: 133[字體: ]

一、倒裝句之全部倒裝

全部倒裝是只將句子中的謂語動詞全部置于主語之前。此結構通常只用與一般現在時和 一般過去時。常見的結構有:

1)here, there, now, then, thus等副詞置于句首,謂語動詞常用be, come, go, lie, run.

There goes the bell.

Then came the chairman.

Here is your letter.

2)表示運動方向的副詞或地點狀語置于句首,謂語表示運動的動詞。

Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

Ahead sat an old woman.

注意:上述全部倒裝的句型結構的主語必須是名詞,如果主語是人稱代詞則不能完全倒裝。例如:Here he comes. Away they went.

二、倒裝句之部分倒裝

部分倒裝是指將謂語的一部分如助動詞或情態倒裝至主語之前。如果句中的謂語沒有助動詞或情態動詞,則需添加助動詞do, does或did,并將其置于主語之前。

1)句首為否定或半否定的詞語,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until…等。

Never have I seen such a performance.

Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

當Not until引出主從復合句,主句倒裝,從句不倒裝。

注意: 如否定詞不在句首不倒裝。

I have never seen such a performance.

The mother didn‘t leave the room until the child fell asleep.

三、以否定詞開頭作部分倒裝

如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than

Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.

Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.

No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

四、so, neither, nor作部分倒裝

表示“也”、“也不” 的句子要部分倒裝。

Tom can speak French. So can Jack.

If you won‘t go, neither will I.

五、only在句首要倒裝的情況

Only in this way, can you learn English well.

Only after being asked three times did he come to the meeting.

如果句子為主從復合句,則主句倒裝,從句不倒裝

Only when he is seriously ill, does he ever stay in bed.

六、as, though 引導的倒裝句

as / though引導的讓步從句必須將表語或狀語提前(形容詞, 副詞, 分詞, 實義動詞提前)。

注意:

1)句首名詞不能帶任何冠詞。

2)句首是實義動詞,其他助動詞放在主語后。如果實義動詞有賓語和狀語,隨實義動詞一起放在主語之前。

Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.

 

 

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